Pictures of What Bed Bugs Look Like
See pictures of bed bugs and learn to identify what bed bugs and their bites look like to protect
yourself against these nasty, bloodsucking pests.
Cimex lectularius, commonly known as bed bugs, are seed-size, wingless insects that infests beds and feeds on
Because of their size and their natural survival instinct to hide in ingenious places, bed bugs are usually hard
to spot. In often cases, victims may not realize that there is a problem until bite marks start to show up on their
Generally, adult bed bugs are tiny (about the size of an apple seed or 1/4 inch long) with flat
rusty-brown-colored oval shaped bodies. However, after they feed on blood of hapless sleepers, their bodies can
swell to a deeper red brown and up to 3/8 inch long.
The younger bugs, or 'nymphs' are smaller and are a whitish color, or sometimes a golden color. Until they are
fed, after which, like the adult bugs, they turn a reddish color. While newly hatched nymphs can be seen with the
human naked eye however, with their tiny size and white colored body, it makes them very hard to spot on the
What Do Bed Bugs Look Like?
Pictures of the bed bug nymph becomes engorged with
blood during feeding
Actual size of a bed bug on a human
Size comparison of a bed bug with rice grains and two
small eggs next to it
An image of an adult bed bug
What a fed bed bug looks like
Picture of A Bed Bug Life Cycle
The bed bug life cycle is relatively short; they can live anywhere from ten months to a year, but
in that short time, they will see three generations come to life and feed on the hapless humans.
Female bed bugs lay anywhere from three to twelve eggs at a time and a single female bed bug can
produce from 300 up to 500 eggs in their lifetime! Female bed bugs typically deposit their eggs in clusters of up
to fifty and these can be found in cracks or crevices in the home. The eggs are about a millimeter in length and
are a whitish color. The eggs will then hatch in less than twelve days.
The bugs go through five nymphal stages before reaching maturity. During each of these stages, the
bed bugs molt. This maturation cycle takes about 48 days. During these stages they grow from just over one
millimeter in length, to just over five millimeters in length, or about a quarter of an inch.
A cluster of bed bug eggs with
During this molting process, you may see signs of the bed bugs,
because as nymphs molt, they leave behind the skins they have shed. These skins accumulate as the bug population
rises. Bed bug excrement is another sign that you will see, as it appears as dark spots on the sheets. Crushed bed
bugs will leave blood stains on bed sheets.
Bed bugs and eggs among molted
Bed bugs do have a short life cycle, but they can and will do a lot of damage during these months,
in terms of reproducing and feeding on their victims. Waking up to a cluster of bite marks can
be a serious sign of bed bugs in your house, apartment or hotel room.
Pictures of Bed Bug Bites And What Do They Look
Above: Bed bug bites on the
Top right: Bed bug rashes on the arm of
Bottom right: Multiple bite marks on a
Bed bug bites are not dangerous nor do they transmit disease however the bites can leave red,
irritating welts around the body large that may cause some people to itch intensely or develop an allergic reaction
such as rashes.
Psychologically, it may affect one with an inability to sleep.
The National Pest Management Association (NPMA) points out that an infestation is
not a sign of unclean or unsanitary conditions. Bed bugs do not discriminate against the rich or poor nor are they
attracted to dirt or filth and have been found in world class hotels, luxury condos and budget properties
If you suspect that you have bed bugs in your home, try looking for the tiny white or brown-colored
bugs in the seams of mattresses. Or check for tiny bloodstains or insect waste on the sheets. Bed bugs can be found
most often in the seams, folds, edges and labels of mattresses, and tend to be found around beds or couches but
there are also cases where they have been found in the cracks and crevices of walls, furniture and floors.
Read More: How To Check For Bed
Bugs At Home And In Hotel Rooms
Pictures of bed bugs hiding in the seams of the
Image credit: cuttlefish
Bed bug eggs, dried blood stains and waste found
on the mattress
While bed bugs are tiny, it does not take an expert to find the bugs
by looking at the above bed bugs pictures. However, these critters can be notoriously hard to get rid of since
they can survive for more than a year without food until a new host comes along.
To prevent against an infestation, entomologists and pest control
experts recommend using an Integrated Pest Management approach which includes clearing of clutter, vacuuming
regularly, employing extreme heat on temperature-sensitive bed bugs and the use of pesticides. Heat treatment can
include methods such as putting bedding or clothes into a dryer (minimum 120°F) for 20 minutes or using a
to heat treat the mattress or upholster furniture.
To protect oneself against bites while sleeping, use a bed bug proof mattress
encasement designed to contain and kill bed bugs. For
the encasement to be effective, keep it on for at least a year to prevent bed bugs from going in or
out of the mattress. Those adult bugs, nymphs and eggs that are trapped will eventually
You May Also Be Interested In:
Bed Bugs Bite
Pictures -- See more photos of how bed bugs bite look like on other victims.
How Do You Get Bed
Bugs -- A look at how do you get bed bugs and how they are spread.
Extermination -- How to select a good pest management company for bed bug control.